.ModelicaReference.Synchronous

Information

Synchronous language elements are added to Modelica as an alternative to normal when-clauses to making modeling of complex sampled systems safer and easier.

Examples

  // Discrete controller
  when Clock() then
    E*dc.xd=A*previous(dc.xd)+B*dc.yd;
      dc.ud=C*previous(dc.xd)+D*dc.yd;
  end when;

  // hold controller output:
  plant.u=hold(dc.ud);

  // Plant
  0=f(der(plant.x),plant.x,plant.u);
  plant.y=g(plant.x);

  // Sample continuous signal
  dc.yd=sample(plant.y, Clock(3));
In this example dc.xd and dc.ud are Clocked variables, and only defined when the Clock is active (every 3rd second). At time instants where the associated clock is not active, the value of a clocked variable can be inquired by using an explicit cast operator, e.g., hold.

Description

A detailed description of the Synchronous Language Elements is given in Chapter 16 (Synchronous Language Elements) of the Modelica 3.4 specification.
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