Model of a pipe with flow resistance and optional heat exchange with environment.

Heat loss calculation

There are two possible configurations:

  1. If useMultipleHeatPorts=false (default option), the pipe uses a single heat port for the heat exchange with the environment. Note that if the heat port is unconnected, then all volumes are still connected through the heat conduction elements conPipWal. Therefore, they exchange a small amount of heat, which is not physical. To avoid this, set useMultipleHeatPorts=true.
  2. If useMultipleHeatPorts=true, then one heat port for each segment of the pipe is used for the heat exchange with the environment. If the heat port is unconnected, then the pipe has no heat loss.

Pressure drop calculation

The default value for the parameter diameter is computed such that the flow velocity is equal to v_nominal=0.15 for a mass flow rate of m_flow_nominal. Both parameters, diameter and v_nominal, can be overwritten by the user. The default value for dp_nominal is two times the pressure drop that the pipe would have if it were straight with no fittings. The factor of two that takes into account the pressure loss of fittings can be overwritten. These fittings could also be explicitly modeled outside of this component using models from the package Modelica.Fluid.Fittings. For mass flow rates other than m_flow_nominal, the model Buildings.Fluid.FixedResistances.PressureDrop is used to compute the pressure drop.

For a steady-state model of a flow resistance, use Buildings.Fluid.FixedResistances.PressureDrop instead of this model.


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