This record defines a transfer function by its zeros, poles and a gain:

product(p - z[i]) y = k*------------------- * u product(p - n[i])

where z[:] is a Complex vector of zeros, n[:] is a Complex vector of poles and k is an additional multiplicative factor. The elements of the two Complex vectors must either be real numbers or conjugate complex pairs (in order that their product results in a polynomial with Real coefficients).

In the record, the zeros and poles are transformed into a
product of first and second order polynomials. The data structure
is especially useful in applications where first and second order
polynomials are naturally occurring, e.g., as for **filters**.
In fact, via function ZerosAndPoles.Design.filter,
a ZeroAndPole transfer function is generated from **low** and
**high pass** analog filters (**CriticalDamping**,
**Bessel**, **Butterworth**, **Chebyshev**). The filters
are available in **normalized** (default) and non-normalized
form. In the normalized form, the amplitude of the filter transfer
function at the cutoff frequency is 3 dB.

A ZeroAndPole transfer function is internally stored by the coefficients of first and second order polynomials, and by an additional multiplicative factor k:

product(s + n1[i]) * product(p^2 + n2[i,1]*p + n2[i,2]) y = k*--------------------------------------------------------- product(p + d1[i]) * product(p^2 + d2[i,1]*p + d2[i,2])

Note, the degrees of the numerator and denominator polynomials are given as:

degree of numerator = size(n1,1) + 2*size(n2,1); degree of denominator = size(d1,1) + 2*size(d2,1);

Example:

(p+1) zp = 4* ------------------------------------- (p - 1)*(p - (2+j*3))*(p - (2-j*3))

with j=sqrt(-1), is defined as

importModelica_LinearSystems2.Math.Complex;importModelica_LinearSystems2.ZerosAndPoles; zp = ZerosAndPoles(z = {Complex(-1,0)}, p = {Complex(1,0), Complex(2,3), Complex(2,-3)}, k=4);

Name | Description |
---|---|

'constructor' | Generate a ZerosAndPoles object |

'-' | |

'+' | Addition of to tarnsfwer functions zp1 + zp2, i.e. parallel connection of two transfer functions (= inputs are the same, outputs of the two systems are added) |

'*' | Multiply two ZerosAndPoles transfer functions (zp1 * zp2) |

'/' | Divide two transfer functions (zp1 / zp2) |

'^' | Integer power of TransferFunction (zp^k) |

'==' | Check whether two transfer functions are identical |

'String' | Transform ZerosAndPoles transfer function into a String representation |

q | Generate the transfer function p |

Analysis | |

Design | |

Plot | |

Conversion | |

Import | |

Internal | Internal library of record Filter (should not be directly used by user) |

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