Two phases are in equilibrium if the fugacities are the same: fiV = fiL. The vapour fugacity can be expressed in terms of the partial pressure, the fugacity coefficient and the Poynting factor. The liquid fugacity depends on the liquid composition, the saturation fugacity coefficient, the activity coefficient γi and the saturation pressure.

fiV = yi · p · φiV · Φi

fiL = xi · p_sat · γi · φiL_sat

The Poyinting factor Φi is to 1, which is a good assumption if the
system pressure is not too high.

For some substances, namely ideal gases, the liquid fugacity is rather described using Henry's law. In this case fiL = xi ·Hi where Hi is the Henry coefficient of the substance i. The medium model has to supply the information for which component the equilibrium is calculated using Henry's law. The medium models also supply the values for the fugacity and activity coefficients. The medium models can rely on different correlations to calculate fugacity and activity coefficients. Some of these correlations can be found in Media.Correlations.

The VLE calculations are commonly carried out, for mixtures
containing strongly polar compounds or electrolytes, with hybrid
models, which use an activity coefficient model for the liquid
phase and a fugacity coefficient model for the vapor phase:

- yi · p · φiV = xi · fi0 · γi

The hybrid model is the best way to represent highly non-ideal liquid mixtures at low pressures.(Lit. [1], introduction part) For systems containing dissolved gases at low pressure and at small concentrations, use Henry's law. For highly non-ideal chemical systems at high pressures, use equations of state instead of activity models(not implemented).

*fi0* is the reference fugacity and is commonly estimated
with a saturation fugacity coefficient, the saturation pressure of
the component at the system temperature and the Poynting correction
for pressure (for pressures under 10 bar almost =1).

- fi0 = φi_sat · pi_sat · Φi

In case of existing supcritical substances at system temperature,
the reference fugacity is replaced by Henry's law. (Lit. [2], p.
108)

Different classes are available to calculate the phase equilibrium:

IdealGasActivityCoeffLiquid: fugacity coefficient of the gas phase is set to one

IdealGasIdealLiquid: fugacity coefficients and activity coefficient are set to one

RealGasActivityCoeffLiquid: both gas and liquid phase are considered to behave non-ideal

RealGasIdealLiquid: activity coefficient is set to one

__References__

[1] Fluid Phase Equilibria 187 (2001) 397-405

[2] Gmehling, Kolbe, 1992, zweite Auflage, Thermodynamik

Name | Description |
---|---|

CO2_CO2_MEA_StartUpReboiler | StartUp CO2-CO2-MEA eq. incl. reaction for Reboiler |

BasePhaseEquilibrium | |

ConstantK | constant value for K |

H2O_CO2_MEA | H2O and CO2-MEA Eq. for CO2 separation with MEA |

H2O_CO2_MEA_startUp | H2O and CO2-MEA Eq. for startUp CO2 separation with MEA |

IdealGasActivityCoeffLiquid | gas is ideal, non-ideality of liquid taken into account using an activity coefficient model |

IdealGasIdealLiquid | gas and liquid are ideal |

RealGasActivityCoeffLiquid | gas fugacity coefficient not equal to one, non-ideality of liquid taken into account using an activity coefficient |

RealGasIdealLiquid | gas fugacity coefficient not equal to one, liquid ideal |

CO2_CO2_MEA_StartUpReboiler_newFormulation | StartUp CO2-CO2-MEA eq. incl. reaction for Reboiler new formulation |

CO2_CO2_MEA_StartUpReboiler_newFormulation_Des | StartUp CO2-CO2-MEA eq. incl. reaction for Desorber new formulation |

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