Model of a discretized coil with no water vapor condensation.
The coil consists of
that are perpendicular to the air flow path. Each register consists of
parallel pipes, and each pipe can be divided into
nPipSeg pipe segments along
the pipe length. Thus, the smallest element of the coil consists of a pipe
segment. Each pipe segment is modeled by an instance of
Each element has a state variable for the metal.
If the parameter
energyDynamics is different from
a mixing volume of length
dl is added to the duct connection. This can
help reducing the dimension of the nonlinear system of equations.
The convective heat transfer coefficients can, for each fluid individually, be computed as a function of the flow rate and/or the temperature, or assigned to a constant. This computation is done using an instance of Buildings.Fluid.HeatExchangers.BaseClasses.HADryCoil.
In this model, the water (or liquid) flow path
needs to be connected to
the air flow path need to be connected to the other two ports.
To model humidity condensation, use the model Buildings.Fluid.HeatExchangers.WetCoilDiscretized instead of this model, as this model computes only sensible heat transfer.
At very small flow rates, which may be caused when the fan is off but there is wind pressure
on the building that entrains outside air through the HVAC system, large temperature differences
could occur if diffusion were neglected.
This model therefore approximates a small diffusion between the elements to have more uniform
medium temperatures if the flow is near zero.
The approximation is done using the heat conductors
As this is a rough approximation, neighboring elements are connected through these heat conduction
elements, ignoring the actual geometrical configuration.
Also, radiation between the coil surfaces on the air side is not modelled explicitly, but
rather may be considered as approximated by these heat conductors.
constant. This is only required in finite volume models of heat exchangers (to avoid consistent but redundant initial conditions) and hence it should be set as a
m1_flow_nominal, as this parameter is already declared in its base class Buildings.Fluid.Interfaces.PartialFourPortInterface. This change avoids an error in OpenModelica as the two declarations had a different value for the
minattribute, which is not valid in Modelica.
initialize_p2. This is required to enable the coil models to initialize the pressure in the first volume, but not in the downstream volumes. Otherwise, the initial equations will be overdetermined, but consistent. This change was done to avoid a long information message that appears when translating models.
dlwhich is no longer needed.
ductConnectionDynamics, and used instead of these parameters the new parameter
energyDynamics. This was done as this complexity is not required.
connect(hexReg[nReg].port_a1, pipMan_b.port_b). This closes issue https://github.com/lbl-srg/modelica-buildings/issues/194, which caused the last register to have no liquid flow.
show_T=falseto avoid state events near zero flow.
div(nReg,2)when instantiating an array of models as the former leads to a syntax error in Dymola 7.4 FD01.